1. Instant Coffee
Instant (or soluble) coffee is very popular and has become widely used for decades now for its convenience. In the 70s, at the peak of its popularity, almost a third of the roasted coffees that are imported in the USA were transformed to instant coffee products and resulted in annual sales of 200+ million pounds. At present, around 15 percent of coffee consumed in the US is being prepared by blending soluble coffee granules with hot water, whether at home, or in the office, and even on vending machines.
2. Automatic Drip Coffee Maker
This is the most popular type of coffee maker in the USA and most Americans own one. It operates by dripping hot water through the finely ground coffee, held in a paper or metal filter inside a funnel, the brewed coffee is then collected in a thermal or glass carafe. The company Bunn-o-Matic introduced the world’s 1st automatic drip coffee maker in 1963. The Mr. CoffeeTM was the one responsible to popularize automatic drip coffee machines in the US in the year 1972.
3. Single-Serve Pod Coffee Maker
Single serve coffee makers gained their popularity in recent years for consistency and convenience. The Single-serve brewing system lets a specific volume of heated water go through a coffee pod, brewing a cup of coffee. Coffee pods have air tight seals that ensure the products freshness. Today, consumers can choose a variety of beverages for brewing, using single-serve machines such as hot chocolate, tea, and milk based specialty beverages.
4. French Press
Coffee purists compliment the virtues of a French press, claiming that they produce the best coffee flavor. But, the quality of the brew relies largely on the ability of the brewer. Coffee is brewed through putting the coffee grounds and water together, stirring it and leaving it to brew for few minutes, and then pressing its plunger to trap coffee grounds into the bottom of its beaker. French press requires coffee to be coarser ground compared to drip-brew coffee filters, since finer coffee grounds would seep through the filter of the press and into the coffee.
5. Espresso Machine
In the last decade or two, espresso consumption in the USA has grown tremendously. A shot of espresso is made by forcing pressurized water, near boiling point, through tightly packed, fine espresso coffee grounds and a filter. What comes out is a dark brown, concentrated coffee with a little amount of crema on top. Through the years, there have been improvements with the design of espresso machines but most of them share some common components, such as a portafilter and grouphead. It may also feature a steaming wand that is used to steam and froth milk to produce latte and cappuccino. Today, you can find many reliable espresso machines available for home use. They are smaller than most commercial espresso machines, but work on the same principles.
Chemex coffee maker is a pour-over style glass pot coffee maker that was invented in the year 1941 by Peter Schlumbohm and continues to be manufactured by Chemex Corporation. Chemex offers 4 ways to brew coffee: Ottomatic, Classic Series, Glass Handle Series and the Handblown series. It consists of a narrow waisted glass flask and utilizes paper filters made of chemically bonded paper that remove most coffee oils, so the brewed coffee has a taste which is different compared to the coffee brewed by other coffee making systems. Chemex coffeemakers can produce one of the finest coffee flavors.
7. Cold Brew
Cold brew or cold press pertains to the method of steeping the coffee grounds in room temperature or chilled water for a prolonged period. Cold brew requires coarse ground coffee beans, soaked in water for usually 12-24 hours. Water is commonly kept at room temperature, but you can also use cold water. Then the grounds should be filtered out of the water after it has been steeped, using a paper filter, a French press, or the popular Toddy system, or even DIY system. The result would be a coffee concentrate which is mostly diluted with milk or water, and can be served hot, or with ice, or mixed with ice and other ingredients like chocolate. Due to its lower acidity, cold brew coffee naturally is sweeter.
A percolator is a type of coffee pot that is use to brew coffee by continuously cycling a boiling or near boiling brew through the coffee grounds with the use of gravity until the desired strength is attained. Percolators once enjoyed great popularity but have been superseded by automatic drip coffeemakers. It often exposes the coffee grounds to high temperatures compared with other brewing methods, resulting in a brewed coffee that is prone to over extraction. However, coffee percolator enthusiasts claimed that the coffeemaker produce hotter, more robust brewed coffee, and that cautious control of the percolator’s brewing process could eradicate the potential pitfalls.
The Aeropress was invented in the year 2005 by Aerobie. It is a device used for brewing coffee. Coffee is steeped around 10 to 50 seconds and pushed through a coffee filter by pressing its plunger through its tube. Types of filters used are the AeroPress paper filter or a thin metal filter. The creator describes the result as like an espresso strength concentration of the coffee. BonAppetit Magazine says it produces fantastic coffee.
10. Coffee Cone
The classic drip coffee cone manual coffeemaker is one of the oldest brewing methods in the pour over style. Coffee cone takes the simplicity of an automatic drip coffee machine, but strips away the coffee pot, boiler and electricity, leaving behind the coffee cone that drips brewed coffee directly into the cup. This is also one of the least expensive ways to brew ‘good and strong’ coffee. A coffee cone paper filter is also needed to brew coffee.